Blood oxygen level (arterial blood oxygen content) indicates the level of oxygen present in the blood flowing through the arteries of the body. The ABG test uses blood drawn from arteries, which can be measured before it enters human tissues. The blood will be placed in an ABG machine (blood gas analyzer), which provides blood oxygen levels in the form of oxygen partial pressure (oxygen partial pressure).
Hyperoxaemia is usually detected using the ABG test, which is defined as blood oxygen levels above 120 mmHg. The normal arterial oxygen pressure (PaO2) measured using the arterial blood gas (ABG) test is about 75 to 100 mmHg (75-100 mmHg). When the level is below 75 mmHg, this condition is usually referred to as hypoxemia. Levels below 60 mmHg are considered very low and indicate the need for supplemental oxygen. Supplemental oxygen is provided through an oxygen cylinder, which is connected to the nose through a tube with or without a mask.
What should the oxygen content be?
Blood oxygen levels can also be measured using an instrument called a pulse oximeter. The normal oxygen level in a pulse oximeter is usually 95% to 100%. Less than 90% of blood oxygen levels are low (hypoxemia). Hyperoxaemia is usually detected by the ABG test, which is defined as blood oxygen levels above 120 mmHg. This is usually in the hospital, when the patient is exposed to the high pressure of supplemental oxygen for a long time (3 to 10 hours or more).
What causes the oxygen level in the blood to decrease?
Blood oxygen levels may decrease due to any of the following problems:
The oxygen content in the air is low: In high-altitude areas such as mountainous areas, the oxygen in the atmosphere is extremely low.
The human body’s ability to absorb oxygen is reduced: This may be caused by the following lung diseases:Asthma, emphysema (damage of air sacs in the lungs), bronchitis, pneumonia, pneumothorax (air leakage between the lungs and chest wall), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pulmonary edema (due to accumulated lung swelling), Pulmonary fibrosis (scarring of the lungs), interstitial lung disease (a large number of lung diseases that usually cause progressive scarring of the lungs), viral infections, such as COVID-19
Other conditions include: anemia, sleep apnea (sleeping while breathing temporarily), smoking
The heart’s ability to supply oxygen to the lungs is reduced: the most common cause is congenital heart disease (heart defects at birth).
Post time: Feb-25-2021